Category: Papers

True cost of Solar Hydrogen

Green hydrogen will be an essential part of the future 100% sustainable energy and industry system. Up to one-third of the required solar and wind electricity would eventually be used for water electrolysis to produce hydrogen, increasing the cumulative electrolyzer capacity to about 17 TWel by 2050. The key method applied in this research is a…
Read more

Terawatt scale PV by 2050 and Competition for Minerals: Copper & Silver

The role of the deployment of solar PV systems in possibly triggering competition for silver and copper supply, in the frame of a terawatt scale market, is presented in this paper, including the methodology implemented to determine it. Possible strategies to reduce the risk of competition, such as increasing the contribution of secondary production in…
Read more

Cost-reduction roadmap for the European BIPV sector

This report aims at highlighting all potential improvements along the BIPV value chain, among others planned in the framework of the BIPVBOOST context, as well as gathered through a thorough literature review. These improvements are described both qualitatively and quantitatively. The final target being to translate those improvements in terms of impact on the “competitiveness” metric…
Read more

Holistic Evaluation Of The Economic Competitiveness Of Bipv Solutions In Europe

BIPV is a complex product due to its double functionality, i.e. as building element and electricity generator). Therefore, its competitiveness assessment needs to be conducted at different levels. From a component cost competitivenessperspective, BIPV products can hardly compete against conventional building components except for the most competitive BIPV products, when compared to the most expensive…
Read more

Self-consumption of electricity produced with photovoltaic systems in apartment buildings – Update of the situation in various IEA PVPS countries

Over the last two decades, grid-connected solar photovoltaic systems have increased from a niche market to one of the leading power generation capacity additions annually. In 2019 the total worldwide installed photovoltaic electricity generation capacity exceeded 630 GW. It is forecasted that 1 TW will be reached by 2022. This further development is coupled with…
Read more